Pathologies of the spine

A healthy spine by definition should be free of pain, both in static and in motion. A person should be able to stay standing, sitting, bend, get up, turn on its axis, turn around and lie down in perfect equilibrium and in the absence of pain.
A flexible column is a column that can handle the changes and demands to which the environment and exposes us to absorb without damage any trauma that falls within the norm, flexibility gives us the ability to bend and adapt without risk of injury.
The presence of pain indicates that at least one of the structural tissues has been abused, traumatized. Pain is the alarm bell that warns of possible damage to our tissues.
Because it appeared the pain?
Somatic pain is almost always secondary to the suffering of muscular structures or osteotendinee or ligament or bone or joint.
But as the primary cause that triggers the excessive stress of these structures?
The normal physiological behavior of the spine is maintained by continuous involuntary contraction (muscle tone) of the paravertebral muscles.
If this muscle tone is normal, the column retains the structure with its normal physiological curvatures: cervical lordosis, kyphosis, lumbar lordosis.
The hypertonia (increased muscle tone) and muscle tension as well as result in a reduced muscle elasticity lead to inadequate function tendon to shorten the bands neuro-muscular and with limited mobility.
The state of psychic tension (conscious and unconscious) determines a state of muscular contracture of defense that if allowed to continue for a sufficient time tends to become permanent up to modify the physiological structure of the spine that is rettilineizza. This produces:
PAIN, STIFFNESS ', ASTHENIA, IRRITATION ROOT
(Cervicobrachialgia, LOMBOCRURALGIE O sciatica).
The reaction of muscle hypertonia such as adaptive reaction is a physiological response to a certain extent.

This is still true in animals. Humans during the evolution these responses have lost much of their initial value and no longer needed for its survival.
Persist, however, as involuntary and automatic mechanisms.
Confronted with special psychic events the man puts in place a series of automated responses including certain overtones muscles that attach to the end and not recede even psycho emotional stimulus that triggered it.
The central nervous system (CNS) comes to recognize the change psycho-physical as a new normal '.
In this respect a local pain relief, or does not solve the problem.
What is the cure?
Postural gymnastics?
Relaxing massages lasting?
Psychotherapy?

The limit of interventions on peripheral structures such as musculo-skeletal data from intervening structures that determine the onset of symptoms (pain and functional limitation) but not primary caregivers of this reaction and its persistence.
Neurophysiology teaches us that it is the S.N.C. the main responsible of the control mechanisms of our entire muscular system and especially of antigravity muscles, such as the paravertebral musculature, highly automated, in which the voluntary motility has a limited part.
Furthermore the S.N.C. is the place for coordination and control of the functions of adaptation to the environment.
The REAC CRM therapy induces a natural and automatic recovery of cortical control schemes both at the neuro-muscular level neuro-psychic.
Making that the subject can regain a more correct muscle structure and can respond more adequately to stressors.
The action on these two fronts is necessary because if it is true that the problem of "muscle stiffness" stems from anxiety and stress, one must ensure that each individual is able to live and continually adapting optimally to environmental situations are these physical or mental.
This is because stress is not to be avoided but must
learn to bilanciarne negative effects.
Therefore almost all cases of low back pain, neck pain, sciatica, cervicobrachialgia, can be treated successfully in a totally non-invasive with one or more protocols of therapy, depending on the need.
ERNIE DISC
The intervertebral disc is a real damper natural, interposed between a vertebra and the other with a view to alleviating the pressures developed during the movements, such as jumping, running or undergo shocks on the car seat. Nevertheless, the functions of the intervertebral disc extends far beyond his own, however important, action shock. This bearing, in fact, gives to the vertebrae superimposed a certain motility for which the column can, within certain limits, to bend in all directions and perform moderate movements of rotation; if there were no intervertebral discs, the vertebrae would, for their anatomical conformation , joint excursion even more limited.
The intervertebral disc is a fibrocartilaginous structure flexible; has the shape of a biconvex lens that is well adapted to that of the vertebral bodies to which it is interposed. In each disk can recognize two parts:
The nucleus pulposus: a central lingo, gelatinous, yellowish and consists of mucopolysaccharides strongly hygroscopic (water trap); has the purpose to meet the demands of the forces acting on the column and to distribute them evenly annulus.
the annulus fibrosus: solid and concentric scaffolding device, whose fibers are arranged in regular layers concentrate that intersect each other. Its purpose is to contain and protect the core and gives the disc great resistance to compression.







































The function of the discs is particularly important in the lumbar spine, where the vertebrae are most stressed by the load above. For this reason, between L1 and L5, the intervertebral discs reach a thickness up and proportionally greater than the vertebral bodies. This ratio, equal to 1/3, drops to 1/4 in the cervical vertebrae and to 1/7 in those backbones, also for this reason equipped with lower mobility.
When applying a pressure on the intervertebral disc is obtained a spill of liquid nourishment and a reduction of its thickness. Conversely, when pressure is removed (for example during sleep) is a decoy of liquids towards the inside and a recovery of its structure. It 'well known, in fact, that the stature to awakening is about two inches higher than that measured at the end of a working day, since each intervertebral disc undergoes daily variations equal to 10% of its thickness.
In young people, the disks make up 25% of the spine, but this percentage is set to decline with aging. Advancing age, in fact, brings with it a progressive and irreversible loss of water and functionality of the intervertebral disc, which is transformed into a "shock absorber exhaust".
As the water content in the discs of young people is around 80 to 85% in elderly subjects this percentage falls below 70%.
 
 If the stresses to which meets the intervertebral disc are particularly high, the resistance of the annular container can be won and produce displacement of the nucleus from its central position. The same result can be the result of chronic exposure to vibration and stress arduous, lowering significantly the threshold of tolerance of the annulus. It speaks, in these cases, of herniation of the disc, which can occur in different degrees and types, depending on the mode of displacement of the core.
E 'was calculated that a tall person 1, 80 m, 80 kg heavy, trying to lift a weight of 100 kg, exerts a pressure on the lumbar spine, about a ton. Not only athletes and traps, however, subject the spine to overexertion: just raise much enthusiasm for a suitcase full straining your spine.
In fact, those undergoing these efforts is not more exposed to the appearance of a herniated disc who face a sedentary activity.
In fact occurs because the degeneration of the disc, given its resistance to stresses huge, it is necessary that the mechanical stress on it is prolonged in time as occurs for the dysfunctional tonic contraction of the paravertebral muscles, ie in bad posture referred before we spoken.
Hence the need also for the treatment of herniated disk to act on the cause of the same, similarly to what has been seen for lumbago.
It can be said in fact that the herniated disc is nothing if not "The manifestation of DEGENERATION FOLLOWING THE POOR FUNCTION".
And 'common experience in fact, the frequent recurrence of the hernia after surgery.
In some cases, such as hernias particular volume, intraforaminali hernias, hernias expelled, it is possible to intervene by associating the causal therapy REAC CRM osigeno the ozone therapy according to the method developed by Dr. DISCOSAN. Cesare Verga.
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